- “A terra-cotta bowl inscribed with charms or magical texts, used by ancient Hebrews in parts of Babylonia to drive away evil” (Guiley 20)*.
- They were believed to protect against demons, illness, curses, and the evil eye.
- They were buried upside-down and buried under the four corners of a home or building.
- Popular during the 3rd to 1st century B. C. E. and then again in the 6th century C. E.
- The bowls were inscribed with Hebrew scripture or words invoking God.
*”The Encyclopedia of Witches and Witchcraft” by Rosemary Ellen Guiley, 1st Edition